The appointment came after former NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Arvind Panagariya on August 1 decided to resign.
New Delhi: Economist Dr Rajiv Kumar was on Saturday night named as the new Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog, five days after the incumbent Arvind Panagariya announced that he would quit to return to academics.
The government also appointed Dr Vinod Paul, a paediatrician at the AIIMS, as a member of the NITI Aayog, an official spokesman said.
Kumar, who holds a DPhil in economics from Oxford and a PhD from Lucknow University, is a senior fellow at the Centre for Policy Research (CPR).
Earlier, he was Secretary General of the FICCI and had also served as Director and Chief Executive of the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER).
He was a member of the National Security Advisory Board between 2006 and 2008.
He has also served as the chief economist of the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and held senior positions in the the Asian Development Bank, the Indian Ministry of Industries, and the Ministry of Finance.
Kumar is also a member of boards of several international and national institutions, including the King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center in Riyadh, the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and Asia in Jakarta, the State Bank of India, and the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade.
Paul has done substantial work in public health.
The appointment for the post of NITI Aayog Vice Chairman was necessitated as the incumbent Panagariya on August 1 had announced that he will leave the government think tank on August 31 and return to Columbia University.
Panagariya, an Indian-American, had joined as the Niti Aayog in January 2015.