Select traders get information about some companies, including DRL, before official announcement.
Mumbai: Three days before Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd announ-ced quarterly results this summer, a message circulated on a private WhatsApp group saying the Indian drugmaker would not post good numbers.
Dr Reddy’s was going to report a loss, according to the message on the “Market Chatter” group, which was posted on July 24 from a mobile phone number that international news agency Reuters traced back to Nishant Vass, an auto analyst at ICICI Securities, a leading Indian brokerage. The WhatsApp group had 45 members, mostly traders.
The loss would have been a surprise to many analysts, as consensus forecasts compiled by Thomson Reuters at the time showed expectations of a profit of Rs 300 crore.
The message proved prescient: On July 27, Dr. Reddy’s reported a loss of Rs 58.7 crore — a result its chief executive said was “below expectations”, sending shares down as much as 4.4 per cent.
The post that circulated in the WhatsApp group three days earlier had predicted a loss of more than Rs 50 crore.
A person who identified himself as Vass returned a call from Reuters using the telephone number from which the DRL’s numbers had been posted on the WhatsApp group. He denied writing or sharing posts in the group, adding later in a separate WhatsApp message from the same number that it was “totally baseless” that he had done so.
Reuters has documented at least 12 cases of prescient messages about major Indian companies, including DRL, being posted in private WhatsApp groups.
Two of the messages ap-peared in the transcripts of six groups reviewed by Reuters, including the “Market Chatter” group where the DRL’s numbers appeared. The others were shared on condition of anonymity by two other members of other WhatsApp groups.
The posts with prescient numbers in the WhatsApp groups were circulated hours or days before official company statements.
The messages shared could involve lucky guesses or astute forecasts based on publicly available information, and not all metrics shared among the 12 cases were exactly the same as reported.
Reuters could not determine where the numbers posted on the WhatsApp groups originated or whe-ther any of the market participants who received the messages had traded on the basis of the numbers they had seen.
According to two lawyers who were formerly senior officials at the Sebi, the country’s capital markets regulator, if any numbers being posted on WhatsApp groups were determined by regulators to be “unpublished price-sensitive information”, the people circulating them would be breaking the law. “The mere sharing of information that could be unpublished ins-ider information is outlawed, even if you don’t misuse the information to trade on it,” said Sandeep Parekh, a lawyer with Finsec Law Advisors, who used to head Sebi’s enforcement division.
Sebi did not respond to requests for comment.
India significantly toug-hened insider trading rules in early 2015, exp-anding what constitutes “unpublished price-sensitive information” to incl-ude “any information” that is not “generally available” and that could have a market impact.
The law also expanded the scope of who constitutes an “insider” to include “anyone in possession of or having acc-ess to unpublished price-sensitive information” regardless of how they came “in possession of or had access to such information”.
Circulating “unpublish-ed price-sensitive information” can result in pen-alties of up to Rs 25 crore and a jail term of up to 10 years. The fine can be higher if it can be proven that an individual traded on such information.
ICICI Securities said in a statement that it had “zero tolerance towards any dissemination of un-published price sensitive information and has an appropriate framework to safeguard confidentiality of information.”
Dr. Reddy’s said it was “not aware of any information related to its financial results being circulated externally ahead of statutory disclosures that are made officially by the company.”
The messages about the 12 companies with prescient information invol-ved mostly what were cha-racterised as being upc-oming quarterly results. They also included messages about upcoming bonus share issues or revenue guidance.
Seven of the companies are part of the benchmark NSE index: Dr. Reddy‘s, the drug maker Cipla Ltd, Axis Bank, HDFC Bank, Tata Steel, the IT services company Wipro, and Bajaj Finance.
The other five were Mahindra Holidays and Resorts, Crompton Greav-es Consumer Electricals, Mindtree and Mastek, and India Glycols.
Wipro, Bajaj Finance, HDFC Bank, Mastek, Crompton Greaves, Cipla and Mahindra Holidays said they were not aware messages referring to their upcoming results or announcements had circulated in WhatsApp, and that the companies adhe-red to strict standards of guarding sensitive company information.
Many of the postings in the WhatsApp groups are referred to as “HOS”, for “Heard on the Street”.
In one typical post on July 25, Fanil Motiwalla, a contractor for a small brokerage, Arcadia Share & Stock Brokers, posted a set of numbers for Axis Bank. Motiwalla works as a sub-broker, who are typically hired as contractors by securities firms to recruit customers.
“This HOS is going aro-und for Axis,” Motiwalla said when posting the numbers, which included key metrics such as gross non-performing assets and net interest margins.
Later that day, Axis Bank reported results that closely matched the final numbers in Motiwalla’s message.
Arcadia said it had policies in place to prevent employees from passing on “illegal information”.
Mr Motiwalla said he just reposted a message that had already been circulating in the market and he didn’t consider it inside data.