In images now seen around the world, a passenger was forcefully removed and bloodied in the process.
Chicago: The chief executive of embattled United Airlines unequivocally apologized Tuesday for an incident in which a passenger was dragged off a plane, and promised a thorough review of the airline's practices.
The apology came after a torrent of criticism of the carrier's action on a flight Sunday and its initial explanation of it. In images now seen around the world, a passenger was forcefully removed and bloodied in the process -- the entire event captured on video by passengers and posted on social media.
The 69-year-old passenger had refused to be "bumped" off the overbooked flight -- an airline practice that has come under increased scrutiny since the incident.
"I continue to be disturbed by what happened on this flight and I deeply apologize to the customer forcibly removed and to all the customers aboard," CEO Oscar Munoz said.
"I want you to know that we take full responsibility and we will work to make it right." The comments were in stark contrast to the company's initial response, in which it seemed to at least partially blame the passenger, inflaming worldwide outrage.
US media published an email Munoz sent earlier to employees, in which he said the passenger "defied" authorities and "compounded" the incident. "Our employees followed established procedures for dealing with situations like this," the CEO wrote.
'No compassion or concern'
Andy Holdsworth, a crisis management specialist at the British PR firm Bell Pottinger, said United's initial response focused on the wrong thing. "Whilst the passenger's behavior was not good, United have shown no compassion or concern for the man," he said.
Munoz said Tuesday that the company will conduct a "thorough review" of its procedures, including "how we handle oversold situations" and how the airline partners with airport authorities and law enforcement.
He promised to release the results of the review by April 30. But the public relations damage was done, with calls for boycotts, the US Department of Transportation promising a review of the airline's actions, and even the White House weighing in.
"Clearly, when you watch the video, it is troubling to see how that was handled," White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer said. The furor battered United's stock Tuesday, sending it down 2.9 percent in afternoon trading and closing down 1.1 percent. It was the second time in about two weeks the airline found itself in the middle of a firestorm.
In late March, two teenage girls were prevented from boarding a flight in Denver because they wore leggings. The airline defended its action at the time by saying the girls were flying on passes that required them to abide by a dress code in return for free or discounted travel.
"They will need to be careful that these small incidents all start to add up and only remind us of the last incident as well as the current one," Holdsworth said.
'You don't really have any rights'
The passenger on the overbooked Sunday flight from Chicago to Louisville, Kentucky was one of four involuntarily bumped off in order to make room for United crew that needed to be repositioned.
The incident shined a new light on the practice of overbooking and bumping passengers off flights, which airlines increasingly rely upon to avoid losing money on empty seats when some passengers do not show up for scheduled flights.
If they were to stop overbooking, "the only way of trying to compensate for that over the long term would be to raise fares on everyone else," said industry analyst Robert Mann.
Instead, airlines sell more tickets than there are seats on a plane, and are generally able to properly forecast demand to avoid major disruptions in getting passengers to their destinations, Mann said.
But, sometimes, they miscalculate and there are more passengers than a flight can handle. In those instances, airlines offer travel vouchers and cash compensation to entice passengers to voluntarily give up their seats for later flights.
When enticing does not work, airlines have wide latitude under the law. "If you're still in the terminal waiting to board, you can be told you can't board, even if you have a reservation," Mann said.
"And once you're on board, you are subject to being deplaned based on the order of the crew. So you don't really have any rights." Last year, 434,000 passengers volunteered to be bumped off flights, while another 40,000 were bumped involuntarily and compensated.